» area: 24.100 km²
» position: 38°51'52" ÷ 41°15'42" north latitude - 8°8' ÷ 9°50' east longitude
» population: 1.656.000 pop. (density 69 pop./km²)
» borders: to the east Sardinian Sea, to the south, west and north Tyrrhenian sea
» main mountains: Gennargentu (Punta La Marmora - 1.834 m)
» main lowlands: Campidano, La Nurra
» main rivers: Tirso (150 km), Flumendosa (127 km), Coghinas (123 km)
» main lakes: Lago Omodeo (22 km²), Lago del Coghinas (13 km²)
» main islands: Sardegna (23.813 km²), Sant'Antioco (109 km²), San Pietro e Asinara (51 km²)
» Region Capital: Cagliari (154.500 pop.)
» Provincial Capitals: Cagliari, Sassari (127.600 pop.), Olbia (59.700 pop.) - Tempio Pausania (14.200 pop.), Nuoro (37.000 pop.), Oristano (31.700 pop.), Carbonia (28.600 pop.) - Iglesias (27.200 pop.), Villacidro (14.200 pop.) - Sanluri (8.600 pop.), Tortolì (11.100 pop.)
» other cities: Quartu Sant'Elena (71.200 pop.), Alghero (44.000 pop.), Selargius (29.000 pop.), Assemini (26.600 pop.), Capoterra (23.700 pop.), Porto Torres (22.300 pop.), Monserrato (20.100 pop.), Sestu (20.900 pop.), Sinnai (17.200 pop.)
Sardinia (called in ancient times "Sandalia" and "Ichnusa") is the most ancient region of Italy: first rocks emerged about 570 million years ago (Paleozoic). Men appeared about 500,000 B.C..
Various people visited and/or dominated it, from Phoenicians to Punics, from Romans to Vandals, from Pisans to Aragonese. Sardinia had its most magnificent period in "Giudicati" epoch, between 900 A.D. and 1400 A.D., when it became an independent State called "Kingdom of Arborea".
Sardinia preserves a lot of intact evidences from various epochs: "nuraghe" (towers only made with stones date from around 1500 B.C.), Punics necropolis, Roman buildings, medieval churches and castles.
Now Sardinia is one of the Italy Regions with a special autonomous Statute.
Sardinia, 2nd largest island of the Mediterranean Sea (Sicily is the 1st), is an aspired destination for the tourists of the whole world thanks to its wonderful uncontaminated landscapes (beaches and mountains), to the hospitality of its people and to the ancient traditions, above all about food and wine, religion, sheep farming and handicraft.
Just tourism, agriculture, sheep farming and handicraft are some of the main economic resources of "Sardinian people" (Italian Parliament appellation only assigned to Sardinians and Friulians).
Another characterizing element of Sardinia (perhaps the main one) is the Sardinian language, that comprises two main varieties: "Campidanese", that is spoken in the Middle South of the Island and "Logudorese", that is spoken in the Middle North of the Island.